The principal ethnicities in the village are the Serers (majority), the Wolofs, the Peuls, the Toucouleurs, and the Diolas. This indicates the rather diversified character of the population.
Agriculture is the main activity of the village. Millet, sorghum, and peanut cultures are the most practised. Breeding is a popular activity in the village, so is commerce. Only a small portion of the population devotes themselves to fishing despite the close proximity to the sea.
For sport, young people enjoy playing soccer (most practiced) and traditional wrestling which is becoming very popular among the Serers.
Regarding religion, the two most commun faith are Islam and Christianity.
The climate of Ndianda is called “Soudano Sahélien” It by complex vegetation from the steppes on the planted savannah dunes. We find here a variety of species like the kad (Acacia albida), the rônier (Borassus flabellifère), the baobob (Adansonia digitata), the caïlcédrat (Khaya senegalensis), the brushwood like the rât (Combretum), the nguer (Guera senegalensis), the fromager (Seiba pentandra) etc…. To this we add characteristic species like Andropogon gayanus, Combrotom glutinosum, Pennicetum pedicellatum among others.
The village is located in an area where the ecological diversity is favorable to certain practices.
Ndianda is a small, beautiful village that was established 138 years ago.
It is situated 120 kilometers south of the Senegalese capital of Dakar. The village is located approximately 7 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean and has ample access to the water via Joal, Fadiouth, Ngazobil, and Mbodiène.
Ndianda is thus a village of crossroads representing a link between the town of Joal-Fadiouth and the Rural Community of Nguéniène.
The climate is mild and very agreeable with sunny days for most of the year and many palm trees that create an enjoyable view of the landscape.There are around 6,000 inhabitants divided into roughly 500 households.
The villagers have, for a long time, made education a priority. Thus, presently the village consists of a pre-school, two public primary schools, an Islamic school and a middle school.
The health center was originally established in the 1980's and has since been relocated. The center was created thanks to funding from the Association of Aid to Health and Social Development (ADESSE) and Association Solidarité Ndianda based in France.
Christianity and Islam are the main religions of Ndianda. The Church St. Etienne was built in 1902 by missionaries in the west of the village. This church, one of the oldest in the county of Mbour, is currently classified as listed world property. It was in 2004 that the Grand Mosque, located to the East, was built by and for the Muslim community with the support of volunteers.
The principal economic activities are agriculture and animal breeding, but the profitability of these is under the influence of uncontrollable factors such as rainfall, insect invasion, monsoons, etc. Therefore, it became necessary to create strategies in order to help the population develop alternative ways of economic growth. It is for this reason, among others, that our Association was born.