The economy of Ndianda relies primarily on agriculture, animal breeding and small businesses.
Agriculture is the main source of economy in the village. Many villagers live entirely on what they produce during their harvests. The most common produce includes millet, peanuts, sorghum, maize, beans, watermelons, sorrel (“bissap”) and a variety of other vegetables.
Agriculture relies almost completely on rainfall. The rainy season lasts for around 3 months (from July to September). This season has had many important variations during the last decade. The irregularity of the rain has contributed to the depletion of soil nutrients and the decrease in productivity of the harvests. Ndianda, like the majority of villages in Senegal, is not spared from rural exodus.Many young people work in the cities so they can support their parents who stayed in the village.In the summer, most will return to help their parents in the fields.
With life becoming more and more expensive, out-of-season cultures are developing in the village. It started with onion production but has now diversified with lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, cabbages, carrots, okras, squashes, manioc, etc.
Animal husbandry constitutes a considerable sector of the village’s economy.The livestock consists of cattle, goats, pork and poultry. The breeding of cows and goats, for example, could be considered "savings". Livestock constitutes a significant asset for many families and allows a rapid availability of cash, if needed.
Ndianda is devoid of industrial enterprises. It relies on some artisans in the fields of construction, carpentry, iron and steel.
To assure daily expenses, men and women of Ndianda resort to small businesses of farm products in the nearby cities (Joal, Fadiouth, Nguéniene...).This commerce depends on agricultural products, animal husbandry, or simply on natural products (monkey bread, baobab leaves, wood…).
In general, women sell agricultural products that have been transformed (for example couscous, peanuts, etc...).Men, on the other hand, typically sell wood and straw used for the smoking of fish in Joal.In addition, many men use their horse-drawn carts to offer other services, such as the transportation of fish between the port to varying locations.These carts also transport passengers weekly to and from the market of Nguéniène